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The bronze catfish is an old standby by in the aquarium trade. Widely
available and reasonably priced he makes a fine addition to your clean
up crew. Best kept in schools they are peaceful and attractive in their
Listed tank sizes are the minimum
||Up to 3" (8cm)
||5.8 to 7.8
||Soft to medium. dH range: 2.0 - 25.0
||72°F to 84°F (22-29°C)
Bronze Catfish, Aeneus Catfish
Venezuela and Trinidad in the North ranging to the La Plata river basin
in the South.
General Body Form
Typical for the genus, The lateral armor consists of 21 to 23 upper
and 19 to 21 lower bony plates. The upper jaw barbels extend almost
to the gill slits. They can reach a length of about three inches.
The central area of each side is darker than the rest and extends to
the beginning of the Caudal fin. The basic ground color is pale brown
to a brownish Yellow. The head and side areas have a metallic sheen
to them which appears green, copper or a Golden color depending on the
light and angle of viewing.
Most species of Corydoras will tolerate a wide range of variations
in temperature, pH and hardness. As a general rule they will do fine
if kept within the following ranges, Temperature: 72o to 79o , pH:6.2
to 7.8 and a dH of 4o to 25o. The tank can be decorated with driftwood
and a few live plants, soft sandy substrate is essential to prevent
damage to the barbals. The water should be well aerated and filtered
and changed at regular intervals. The Armored catfish are Omnivorous
and should be fed a varied diet. Do not simply rely on uneaten food
on the bottom as there only source of food.
Sexually mature specimens are easy to tell apart, the females have a
stouter body and the males has a larger and more pointed Dorsal fin.
You should have a ratio of two males to each female. Courtship consists
of the male touching the female with his snout and then the female will
swim constantly around cleaning rocks or plant leaves in the tank. Then
a male will grab the females barbals and twist his body into hers and
she will release her egg pouches at the same time as the male sperm.
This is repeated several times with the female taking the egg pouches
and placing them at various locations throughout the tank. After spawning
you can remove the parents from the tank. The eggs will hatch in about
five to eight days and the young are not hard to raise and can be fed
fine flake food or newly hatched brine shrimp (fresh or frozen). Growth
is fairly rapid given proper conditions.